Nine forms of Artificial Intelligence

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The Toolmaker questioning AI

#AI is too limited

#AI based on Nine Types of Natural Intelligence

#AI has crossed my path many times. As a toolmaker by heart, I like to build products and services that assist others in their life or work. I notice sometimes I repeat myself in my thinking or doing. Whenever this happens my mind begins to ponder: can I do this more efficient? Can my mind or brain become more active? Can I build a tool, method or process to solve this? Is #AI is a natural solution? Can #AI simulate innate intelligence and what is natural intelligence? The meta question is of course “who are we” but, this article won’t attempt to get near answering that.

When people talk about #AI, they most likely talk about puzzle solving, data crunching kind of #AI. But more often than not #AI in the above sense is not enough to address many of our real-life problems. I have a strong impression that #AI at this point is mainly commercially driven. #AI has not yet entered our day-to-day life, from the human side of the coin.

For example, in social interaction, I see I make the same judgement errors. Can I avoid these through the usage of #AI? To what data does #AI need to have access? What ruleset lays at the basis? What else? Immediately I see we need data of previous interactions. Data of the persons involved such as their intentions. But also their past behaviour, current emotional state and so on. One would argue you got #AI driven services made available to you. Correct, but these are primarily commercial products sold to me that use a form of #AI.

Commercial #AI is very different from an AI that serves me and only me. I have given a lecture on those above back in 1999 or 2000 at the University of Tampere for a group of students at the department of information sciences.

I believe we have to expand our horizon and go beyond the logical #AI. What other forms of intelligence are there and which apply to #AI? Or do we ask which different types of #AI do we have to invent?
Howard Gardener describes nine types of intelligence, and I use a very workable outline from the Northern Illinois University. Do we need for each kind of intelligence an #AI equivalent?

What I attempt next is to list all the nine intelligence types alongside their #AI equivalent. My aims are:

  1. Stay as close as possible to the original (natural intelligence) definition
  2. My description of the #AI equivalent shall be human-centred; how does it serve a human.
  3. If possible I give an example

1 – Verbal-linguistic intelligence

definition: well-developed verbal skills and sensitivity to the sounds, meanings and rhythms of words

Verbal-linguistic AI

The ability to create written or spoken content that informs or entertains or affects humans or a combination of these. Think of #AI writing legalese, the creation of a poem or a compelling speech.

2 – Logical-mathematical intelligence

The ability to think conceptually and abstractly, and capacity to discern logical and numerical patterns

Logical-mathematical AI

The ability to “think” conceptually and abstractly, and capacity to discern logical and numerical patterns

3 – Spatial-visual intelligence

The capacity to think in images and pictures, to visualise accurately and abstractly

Spatial-visual AI

The capacity to create images and pictures, to visualise accurately and abstractly concepts distilled from other content.

4 – Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence

The ability to control one’s body movements and to handle objects skillfully

Bodily-kinesthetic AI

The perfect control in space and time.

5 – Musical intelligence

The ability to produce and appreciate rhythm, pitch and timber

Musical AI

The ability to produce sounds and waveforms that are appreciated by humans, other lifeforms and AIs. The company jammer.io experiments  with this form of AI

6 – Interpersonal intelligence

The capacity to detect and respond appropriately to the moods, motivations and desires of others

Interpersonal AI

The capacity to detect and respond appropriately to the moods, motivations and desires of others

7-  Intrapersonal intelligence

The capacity to be self-aware and in tune with inner feelings, beliefs and thinking processes.

Intrapersonal AI

The capacity to be self-aware and in tune with inner feelings, beliefs and thinking processes.

8 – Naturalist intelligence

The ability to recognise and categorise plants, animals and other objects in nature

Naturalist AI

The ability to recognise and categorise plants, animals and other objects in nature. Another possibility is the generation of realistic and convincing VR of the natural environment. The software Terragen shows, to me at least, very convincing natural imagery. Is this AI, is this “an algorithm” at work? I do not know enough at this stage.

9 – Existential intelligence

The sensitivity and capacity to tackle profound questions about human existence such as, What is the meaning of life? Why do we die? How did we get here?

Existential AI

The sensitivity and capacity to tackle profound questions about AI’s own existence.